Evaluation

Evaluating Research on Data Linkage to Assess Underreporting of Pedestrian and Bicyclist Injury in Police Crash Data

Doggett, Sarah
Ragland, David R.
Felschundneff, Grace
2018

Traffic safety decisions are based predominantly on information from police collision reports. However, a number of studies suggest that such reports tend to underrepresent bicycle and pedestrian collisions. Underreporting could lead to inaccurate evaluation of crash rates and may under- or overestimate the effects of road safety countermeasures. This review examined ten studies that used data linkage to explore potential underreporting of pedestrian and/or bicyclist injury in police collision reports.

The CPBST at work in Florence-Firestone

June 25, 2019

Pedestrians and bicyclists make up a disproportionate share of road deaths and injuries, and low-income, majority person-of-color communities tend to face th

Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Research Brief

July 18, 2017

Data is the bread and butter of safety analysis. This research brief highlights three new peer-reviewed studies that focus on questions around pedestrian and bicycle safety data and the patterns they identify. Read the full Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Research Brief to explore our findings

How effective are community pedestrian safety training workshops? Short-term findings from a program in California

Barajas, Jesus M.
Beck, Kate M.
Cooper, Jill F.
Lopez, Ana
Reynosa, Amanda
2019

Introduction: Pedestrians and bicyclists make up a disproportionate share of road deaths and injuries, and low-income, majority person-of-color communities tend to face the greatest danger. Comprehensive pedestrian safety programs targeted toward such communities have the potential to build communities’ capacity to address safety issues, but there is a lack of systematic research and evaluation on how effective these programs are.

Observational Study of Cell Phone and Texting Use Among California Drivers 2012 and Comparison to 2011 Data

Cooper, Jill F.
Ragland, David R.
Ewald, Katrin
Wasserman, Lisa
Murphy, Christopher J.
2013

This methodological report describes survey research and data collection methods employed for the second Observational Survey of Cell Phone and Texting Use among California Drivers study conducted in 2012. This study was conducted by Ewald & Wasserman Research Consultants (E&W) on behalf of the California Office of Traffic Safety and the Safe Transportation Research and Education Center at University of California at Berkeley.

Drinking and driving and perceptions of arrest risk among California drivers: Relationships with DUI arrests in their city of residence

MacLeod, Kara E.
Karriker-Jaffe, Katherine J.
Satariano, William A.
Kelley-Baker, Tara
Lacey, John H.
Ragland, David R.
2017

Objective: Addressing drinking and driving remains a challenge in the United States. The present study aims to provide feedback on driving under the influence (DUI) in California by assessing whether drinking and driving behavior is associated with the DUI arrest rates in the city in which the driver lives; whether this is due to perceptions that one can get arrested for this behavior; and whether this differed by those drivers who would be most affected by deterrence efforts (those most likely to drink outside the home).

The Association between Booster Seat Use and Risk of Death Among Motor Vehicle Occupants aged 4–8: A Matched Cohort Study

Rice, Thomas M.
Anderson, Craig L.
Lee, A. S.
2009

Objective: To estimate the effectiveness of booster seats and of seatbelts in reducing the risk of child death during traffic collisions and to examine possible effect modification by various collision and vehicle characteristics.

Methods: A matched cohort study was conducted using data from the Fatality Analysis Reporting System. Death risk ratios were estimated with conditional Poisson regression, bootstrapped coefficient standard errors, and multiply imputed missing values using chained equations.

Geocoding Police Collision Report Data from California: A Comprehensive Approach

Bigham, John M.
Rice, Thomas M.
Pande, Swati
Lee, Junhak
Park, Shin Hyoung
Gutierrez, Nicolas
Ragland, David R.
2009

Background

Collision geocoding is the process of assigning geographic descriptors, usually latitude and longitude coordinates, to a traffic collision record. On California police reports, relative collision location is recorded using a highway postmile marker or a street intersection. The objective of this study was to create a geocoded database of all police-reported, fatal and severe injury collisions in the California Statewide Integrated Traffic Records System (SWITRS) for years 1997-2006 for use by public agencies.

Results

The Inclusion of Adult Vehicle Occupants in Matched Cohort Studies of Child Restraint Effectiveness: A Study of Potential Bias

Rice, Thomas M.
Anderson, Craig L.
2010

Objective: To determine whether either the inclusion of adults in matched cohort studies of passenger vehicle occupants or modification of age effects by collision severity biases child restraint risk ratios biases estimate of child restraint effectiveness.

Bicycle Infrastructure that Extends beyond the Door: Examining Investments in Bicycle-oriented Design through a Qualitative Survey of Commercial Building Owners and Tenants

Orrick, Phyllis
Frick, Karen Trapenberg
Ragland, David R.
2011

This paper presents the results of a qualitative survey of commercial owners, managers, and occupants in the City of Berkeley who have invested in on-site bicycle facilities such as secure parking, showers, changing rooms, and clothing lockers, what we are calling “bicycle-oriented design” (BOD). The sites represent a selection of building types common in the commercial building stock in U.S. cities.