Data collection

The Impact of Health Problems on Driving Status Among Older Adults

MacLeod, Kara E.
Satariano, William A.
Ragland, David R.
2014

Objective: This study assessed the impact of health problems on driving status (current driver vs. ex-driver) among older adults to identify which of those health problems have the greatest individual and population impact on driving cessation.

Associations between Road Network Structure and Pedestrian-Bicyclist Accidents

Zhang, Yuanyuan
Bigham, John M.
Li, Zhibin
Ragland, David R.
Chen, Xiaohong
2012

It is widely known that the road network layout can impact the non-motorized users’ traffic safety by changing the non-motorized traffic volume and road users’ behavior. Different road network patterns lead to different traffic safety levels for non-auto users and a single pattern can even have both the safe and unsafe features at the same time. By knowing what features can lead to safer traffic environment, existing road networks can be improved and new network patterns can be produced by combining all safe features from different patterns.

Using Time-Based Metrics to Compare Crash Risk Across Modes and Locations

Guler, S. Ilgin
Grembek, Offer
Ragland, David R.
2012

The objective of this work is to identify better metrics of exposure when comparing traffic crash risk across modes or across locations. We propose that total time travelled should be used for road user exposure to crash risk. The idea behind this is that travel time reflects the differences in speeds across different modes and hence should be used as the basic exposure metric from which crash risk based on other metrics, such as travel distance, can easily be derived.

Weighing Integration by Block Heterogeneity to Evaluate Pedestrian Activity

Do, Minh-Tan
Grembek, Offer
Ragland, David R.
Chan, Ching-Yao
2012

Pedestrian exposure is a necessary component for a meaningful evaluation of pedestrian safety. The Space Syntax approach has a track record of accurate prediction of pedestrian activity by estimating the physical street connectivity in urban environments. However, for some environments, the performance of Space Syntax is limited and cannot be used as a reliable estimate of exposure.

Safety Assessment of Uncontrolled Intersections Using Both Conflict Probability and Severity

Ma, Yingying
Qin, Xiaoran
Grembek, Offer
Chen, Zhiwei
2016

This paper presents a method to assess the safety of uncontrolled intersections considering both conflict probability and severity, which are two major properties of traffic conflicts. This method provides not only the safety level of the entire intersection but also the distribution of safety within intersections. Intersections are modelled by a two-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system and the internal space of intersections is divided into cells. Firstly, vehicle movement characteristics of at uncontrolled intersections are modelled.

Modeling Secondary Accidents Identified by Traffic Shock Waves

Wang, Junhua
Liu, Boya
Lanfang, Zhang
Ragland, David R.
2015

The high potential for occurrence and the negative consequences of secondary accidents make them an issue of great concern affecting freeway safety. Using accident records from a three-year period together with California interstate freeway loop data, a dynamic method for more accurate classification based on the traffic shock wave detecting method was used to identify secondary accidents. Spatio-temporal gaps between the primary and secondary accident were proven be fit via a mixture of Weibull and normal distribution.

Identification of Freeway Secondary Accidents with Traffic Shock Wave Detected by Loop Detectors

Wang, Junhua
Xie, Wenjing
Liu, Boya
Fang, Shou'en
Ragland, David R.
2016

Secondary traffic accidents are generally recorded without being specifically noted as such in the accident database, leading to difficulty in the study of such accidents. Previous research generally classified secondary incidents by predefining fixed spatio-temporal boundaries—a method that can be very subjective. Using 10,762 accident records gathered from 2012 upstream loop detector data on a California interstate freeway, this paper proposes a dynamic method for more convincing and accurate classification based on traffic shock waves detected by the loop detectors.

Utilizing the Eigenvectors of Freeway Loop Data Spatiotemporal Schematic for Real Time Crash Prediction

Fang, Shou'en
Xie, Wenjing
Wang, Junhua
Ragland, David R.
2016

The concept of crash precursor identification is gaining more practicality due to the recent advancements in Advanced Transportation Management and Information Systems. Investigating the shortcomings of the existing models, this paper proposes a new method to model the real time crash likelihood based on loop data through schematic eigenvectors. Firstly, traffic volume, occupancy and density spatiotemporal schematics in certain duration before an accident occurrence were constructed to describe the traffic flow status.

Strategies for Reducing Pedestrian and Bicyclist Injury at the Corridor Level

Grembek, Offer
Zhang, Yuanyuan
Yavari, Afsaneh
Yang, Zhao
Ragland, David R.
2013

A systemic approach for identifying potential safety countermeasures and implementing them across groups of locations sharing the same risk characteristics has been developed for pedestrian-vehicle collisions. This study was funded by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) to develop methods for identifying sites where there is potential for significant reductions in pedestrian and bicyclist injury. Data collected between 1998 and 2007 from a 16.5-mile section of San Pablo Avenue (SR 123) in the San Francisco East Bay was used as the study area.

Gap acceptance for vehicles turning left across on-coming traffic: Implications for Intersection Decision Support design

Ragland, David R.
Arroyo, Sofia
Shladover, Steven E.
Misener, James A.
Chan, Ching-Yao
2005

A left-turning vehicle (Subject Vehicle, SV) attempting to cross the path of an oncoming vehicle (Principal Other Vehicle, POV) at an intersection typically does not have the right of way. The main task of the SV driver is to find an adequate opportunity in opposing traffic to initiate the left-turn maneuver. To reduce the probability of a conflict, warning systems, such as Intersection Decision Support (IDS) systems, are being developed. These systems alert drivers of SV vehicles attempting to negotiate a left turnabout traffic approaching from the opposite direction.