Problems With Vision Associated With Limitations or Avoidance of Driving in Older Populations

Satariano, William A.
MacLeod, Kara E.
Kohn, Theodore E.
Ragland, David R.

Objectives. This report examines the role of (a) disease processes affecting vision, (b) reported troubles with vision, (c) physical symptoms affecting the eyes, and (d) objective measures in reported driving limitation due to problems with eyesight among older drivers.

Methods. Data for this study (N 1⁄4 1,840) were obtained from participants in a community-based study of aging and physical performance in people age 55 or older in the city of Sonoma, California. Each of 16 visual conditions was...

Reasons Given by Older People for Limitation or Avoidance of Driving

Ragland, David R.
Satariano, William A.
MacLeod, Kara E.

Purpose: To understand the driving behavior of older adults, this study examines self-reported reasons for driving limitation or avoidance.Design and Methods: Baseline interviews were conducted (n = 2,046) as part of a community-based study of aging and physical performance in persons aged 55 years or older in Sonoma, California. Twenty-one medical and nonmedical reasons for limiting or avoiding driving were examined by age and gender. Results: Most older people continue...

Influential Factors on Level of Injury in Pedestrian Crashes: Applications of Ordered Probit Model with Robust Standard Errors

Jang, Kitae
Park, Shin Hyoung
Chung, Sungbong
Song, Ki Han

Pedestrian-involved crashes that occurred in the city of San Francisco over a six-year period, 2002–2007, were analyzed to examine various influential factors on the injury severity of pedestrian crashes. The crash data extracted from the Statewide Integrated Traffic Records System (SWITRS) include five categorical levels of injury severity in traffic crashes also in addition to detailed information about the features of each crash. This study applied an ordered probit model for injury severity analysis to specify the ordinal nature of injury categories. To draw unbiased implications...

San Francisco PedSafe II Project Outcomes and Lessons Learned

Hua, Jenna
Gutierrez, Nicolas
Banerjee, Ipsita
Markowitz, Frank
Ragland, David R.

This paper presents the project outcomes and lessons learned from the San Francisco PedSafe, a comprehensive pedestrian safety planning and engineering project funded by the Federal Highway Administration. It assesses the effectiveness of the Phase I pedestrian safety plan targeted to higher-injury areas by evaluating the Phase II implementation of a range of mostly low-to- moderate-cost innovative safety improvements.

A total of 13 countermeasures (comprised of nine general engineering countermeasures and four Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS)...

A Methodology of Quantifying Precipitation Exposure for Wet-Weather Collisions and Evaluating Effectiveness of Open-Grade Asphalt Concrete as a CountermeasureWeather-related crashes represent a significant concern in roadway safety.

Chan, Ching-Yao
Jin, Eui-Jae
Oh, Soon Mi
Ragland, David R.

Weather-related crashes represent a significant concern in roadway safety. Wet collisions often resulted in injuries or fatalities, at a ratio higher than collisions that occur in dry roadway conditions. Therefore, it is of strong interest to identify and manage the locations where collisions are prone to happen under wet pavement surface or adverse weather conditions. This paper introduces a method to estimate precipitation exposure of roadway segments by linking weather station data to collision database. Subsequently, the corresponding crash rate for a subject location is...