Pedestrian Safety

Associations between Road Network Structure and Pedestrian-Bicyclist Accidents

Zhang, Yuanyuan
Bigham, John M.
Li, Zhibin
Ragland, David R.
Chen, Xiaohong
2012

It is widely known that the road network layout can impact the non-motorized users’ traffic safety by changing the non-motorized traffic volume and road users’ behavior. Different road network patterns lead to different traffic safety levels for non-auto users and a single pattern can even have both the safe and unsafe features at the same time. By knowing what features can lead to safer traffic environment, existing road networks can be improved and new network patterns can be produced by combining all safe features from different patterns. Therefore, the associations between road network...

Weighing Integration by Block Heterogeneity to Evaluate Pedestrian Activity

Do, Minh-Tan
Grembek, Offer
Ragland, David R.
Chan, Ching-Yao
2012

Pedestrian exposure is a necessary component for a meaningful evaluation of pedestrian safety. The Space Syntax approach has a track record of accurate prediction of pedestrian activity by estimating the physical street connectivity in urban environments. However, for some environments, the performance of Space Syntax is limited and cannot be used as a reliable estimate of exposure. This paper makes use of the interdependency between: (i) street connectivity-estimated here using integration; and (ii) land-use characteristics; to propose a mechanism to adjust integration by land-use...

Safety Assessment of Uncontrolled Intersections Using Both Conflict Probability and Severity

Ma, Yingying
Qin, Xiaoran
Grembek, Offer
Chen, Zhiwei
2016

This paper presents a method to assess the safety of uncontrolled intersections considering both conflict probability and severity, which are two major properties of traffic conflicts. This method provides not only the safety level of the entire intersection but also the distribution of safety within intersections. Intersections are modelled by a two-dimensional Cartesian coordinate system and the internal space of intersections is divided into cells. Firstly, vehicle movement characteristics of at uncontrolled intersections are modelled. Secondly, conflict probability of each cell within...

Blue Lake CPBST: May 18

April 20, 2017

Join us on Thursday, May 18 for another Community Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Training (CPBST) at Blue Lake Elementary in Blue Lake!

TRAINING INFORMATION
DATE/TIME: Thursday, May 18; 1PM- 5PM
LOCATION: Blue Lake Elementary - 631 Greenwood Avenue, Blue Lake, CA 95525
REGISTRATION: http://bit.ly/WalkBikeBlueLake

Lompoc CPBST: Saturday, April 22

March 28, 2017

Join us on Saturday, April 22 for another Community Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety Training (CPBST) at the City of Lompoc!

TRAINING INFORMATION
DATE/TIME: Saturday, April 22 ; 10AM- 2PM
LOCATION: Lompoc Valley Medical Center, 1515 E Ocean Avenue, Lompoc CA 93436
REGISTRATION: http://bit.ly/2mzaqXA

UC Berkeley SafeTREC y California Walks están encantados de poder ofrecer un taller GRATIS de 4 horas dirigido a educar la comunidad para mejorar la seguridad de los peatones y de los ciclistas.

El...

Recommendations to Improve Pedestrian Safety in the Town of Paradise

Dang, Tony
Alfsen, Wendy
2013

In response to the recent death of a Paradise youth who was struck on Skyway Road, the Town of Paradise invited California WALKS to facilitate a workshop providing community residents, Town staff members, and other professionals with an overview of pedestrian safety best practices, to conduct a walkability assessment of areas near the downtown core, and to lead small group discussions to develop specific recommendations for Town Council to improve the safety and walkability of Paradise. This report summarizes overall walkability and pedestrian safety observations of downtown Paradise, as...

Strategies for Reducing Pedestrian and Bicyclist Injury at the Corridor Level

Grembek, Offer
Zhang, Yuanyuan
Yavari, Afsaneh
Yang, Zhao
Ragland, David R.
2013

A systemic approach for identifying potential safety countermeasures and implementing them across groups of locations sharing the same risk characteristics has been developed for pedestrian-vehicle collisions. This study was funded by the California Department of Transportation (Caltrans) to develop methods for identifying sites where there is potential for significant reductions in pedestrian and bicyclist injury. Data collected between 1998 and 2007 from a 16.5-mile section of San Pablo Avenue (SR 123) in the San Francisco East Bay was used as the study area. A database containing all...

Pedestrian Volume Modeling for Traffic Safety and Exposure Analysis: The Case of Boston, Massachusetts

Raford, Noah
Ragland, David R.
2005

This paper examines three types of pedestrian volume models in light of their usefulness for estimating pedestrian exposure for pedestrian safety research. The need for pedestrian flow data as part of pedestrian exposure and safety analysis is outlined, and the background of each type of model is discussed. It then selects the space syntax network analysis model to estimate pedestrian volumes for the city of Boston, Massachusetts. It was found that the model was able to accurately predict pedestrian flows (r-squared 0.81, p-value < 0.0001) after incorporating distance to transit stops...

Combining traffic efficiency and traffic safety in countermeasure selection to improve pedestrian safety at two-way stop controlled intersections

Yang, Zhao
Zhang, Yuanyuan
Grembek, Offer
2016

Decision makers are encouraged to consider multiple objectives (such as traffic efficiency, safety, and environment) together to make decisions. Although there are methods to evaluate each objective respectively, there are few reports or research papers showing how to incorporate these objectives and put it in practice. Thus, this study aims to develop a procedure to incorporate traffic efficiency into the traffic safety countermeasure (CM) selection process. To illustrate the procedure, the economic benefits of four pedestrian safety improvements at crosswalks of major-streets at two-way...

Driver/Pedestrian Understanding and Behavior at Marked and Unmarked Crosswalks

Ragland, David R.
Mitman, Meghan F.
2007

Pedestrian injuries at crosswalk locations represent a significant problem. In 2002, 22.7 percent of US pedestrians involved in collisions were in a crosswalk at the time of the collision, and over 96% of these occurred at an intersection. Almost all crosswalk collisions resulted in pedestrian injury or fatality (98.6 percent), and about one-third resulted in severe or fatal injury (National Automotive Sampling System (NASS) and General Estimates System (GES) 2002). As the owner of the California State Highway System, Caltrans is responsible for providing access to safe and convenient...